9वाँ विश्व हिंदी सम्मेलन                           विदेश मंत्रालय, भारत सरकार              Ninth World Hindi Conference

      जोहांसबर्ग (दक्षिण अफ्रीका)             Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India        Johannesburg [South Africa]

        22-24 सितम्बर, 2012                                                                        22-24 September, 2012

Archives-  World Hindi Conference Background

World Hindi Conference Background


World Hindi Conferences had their origin about three and a half decades ago when the first World Hindi Conference was organized from 10-12 January, 1975 in Nagpur, India under the aegis of the Rashtrabhasha Prachar Samiti.


          The first World Hindi Conference was conceptualised by the Rashtrabhasha Prachar Samiti in 1973. According to the report of the conference, the objective of the conference was to deliberate on how Hindi could be a medium of serving mankind in the prevailing world environment and having imbibed the spirit of 'Seva' propounded by Mahatma Gandhi, how could Hindi get recognized in the UN and move forward as a world language serving the cause of humanity. Further, how could it give to the world the motto of 'Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam' which is at the root of the Indian culture thereby infusing the feeling of 'one world one family'.


          The conference had the blessings of Acharya Vinoba Bhave and was supported by the governments of Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat in addition to the Govt of India. A 'Vishva Hindi Nagar' was set up in the premises of Nagpur University. Entry gates were named after Tulsi, Meera, Soor, Kabir, Namdev, Raidas. Residential premises for the delegates and other guests were named as 'Vishva Sangam', 'Mitra Niketan', Vidya Vihar' and 'Patrakar Nivas'. Dining halls were also named as 'Annapoorna', 'Akash Ganga' etc.


          The direction set by the then Prime Minister, Smt. Indira Gandhi while inaugurating the conference, is equally relevant today. She had said, ' Hindi is one of the great languages of the world' and said that 'all the languages of India have equal claim to the cultural heritage of the country. All these languages are national languages and amongst these Hindi is the official language of India because it has the largest family. Speaking in favour of knowing more than one language she had said, 'every child should learn his or her mother tongue, should learn Hindi as the link language at national level and English as the contact language at international level.' In here view Hindi, in order to be a living language, should be simple and flexible so that it is able to adapt itself to the changing environment and adopt new areas of knowledge. It should be open to assimilating words from other languages. In order to make Hindi capable of moving ahead with time she had opined 'our languages can become modern languages' only when they acquire the capability to integrate contemporary and futuristic ideas. Today, a nation cannot progress without moving ahead in the field of science.'  For the past few decades new ideas and thoughts are taking birth in new fields. There is very little material in Hindi on these subjects and we are largely dependent on translation. Translation too is important but it cannot replace the books written originally in a language.'


          Emphasising Hindi's spirit of 'Sevadharma' Kakasaheb Kalelkar had said during the conference 'service is the religion of all of us and Hindi is the medium of this service.' We have served the entire nation through the medium of Hindi before and after the independence. We are now moving ahead in the service of mankind through Hindi,'


          Inspired by the inherent strength of Hindi our leaders adopted it as the medium of communication during our freedom struggle which was based on non-violence and satyagrah. Mahatma Gandhi led us on this path and the whole nation followed. The majority of freedom fighters were from non-Hindi speaking regions. They recognized the potential of Hindi and used it as a link language that could unite the country. World Hindi conferences were a recognition of Hindi as a language of not only literature but as a language that was capable of adapting itself to the science and technology of modern era. Another objective was to make it broad based and not restrict it to an emotional level. This vision was given a concrete shape in the form of the 1st World Hindi Conference held in 1975 in Nagpur. Since then this perennial river, having witnessed several linguistic congregations, is heading towards its next destination. The 9th World Hindi Conference is being organized from 22-24 September, 2012 in Johannesburg, South Africa.  




Revised: 07/31/12.